RuTAG-NE

Rural Technology Action Group-North-East

Initiated and Sponsored By the Principal Scientific Adviser to

The Government of India

 

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Activities: Year 2011-2012:

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DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT:

 

 

[1]Development of Hank to Bobbin Winding Machine

 

 

NGO/Institution Associated:

Mechanical Engineering Department, IIT Guwahati

Objectives:-

  • To develop a low cost, affordable Hank to Bobbin Winding machine suitable for marginal weavers of Sualkushi handloom cluster.

Introduction:
The problem of the availability of Hank to bobbin winding Machines was among a few essential requirements of the marginal weavers engaged in the weaving industry of Sualkushi. Presently such machines are procured from the manufactures of South India, thus high transportation cost is added to it on  the total cost of the machine and the burden on the small and marginal weaver increases.

Achievements:
A Hank to Bobbin Winding machine was designed by RuTAG-NE with the help of Prof. A. K. Das, Professor,  Design department of IITG. An entrepreneur from the Sualkushi, Assam who has a knack for innovation, was trained and the machine was fabricated under the guidance of Prof. Das with locally available materials at reasonably low cost. The winding capacity of the machine is 10 bobbins at a time and 8 kg per day.

Hank to Bobbin Winding Machine

Contribution towards strengthening RuTAG:

The Cost of production on manufacturing and transportation of the machine has been greatly reduced, and a local entrepreneur for such machine has been developed.

Current Scenario - Multiplication/entrepreneurship etc:

The machine is now locally fabricated at Sualkushi Handloom cluster by an entrepreneur, shri Sailen Das. 

 

 

 

[2] Development of Pirn Winding Machine

 

 

NGO/Institution Associated:

Developed at the Mechanical Engineering Department, IIT Guwahati

Objectives:-

  • To develop a low cost, affordable Pirn Winding machine suitable for power loom and handloom requirements
  • To increase productivity and earning potential of weavers

Introduction:
The problem of  availability of Pirn Winding Machines at affordable cost was among a few requirements in power loom/ as well as the Hand loom sector of Assam, as such machines have to be procured from manufactures of South India, Sso the cost of acquiring  of machine   is much higher owing to long distance transportation cost.

Achievements:
A Pirn Winding Machine with 6 bobbins provided with a length counter was developed under the guidance of Prof. S. K. Kakoty, Professor Mechanical Engineering Department; IIT Guwahati This was  fabricated locally by a SHG at Sualkushi. The machine was manufactured with local materials, and was demonstrated to the weavers of Sualkushi.

Pirn Winding Machine

Contribution towards strengthening RuTAG:
The Cost of manufacturing and transportation has been greatly reduced.

Current Scenario - Multiplication/entrepreneurship etc:

The SHG is fabricating the machine and catering to the need of the weaving clusters of Sualkuchi

 

 

 

[3] Development of Sectional warping Machine

 

 

NGO/Institution Associated:

Developed at the Mechanical Engineering Department, IIT Guwahati

Objectives:-

  • To develop a low cost, affordable Sectional warping Machine suitable for the Weaving Industry of Assam

Introduction:
The problem of availability of Sectional warping Machine
was among a few essential requirements of the weaving sector of Assam. Presently such machines are procured from the manufactures of South India, thus the cost of transportation is added to the total cost of the machine which puts the marginal weavers at disadvantage.

Achievements:
A Sectional warping machine with length counter was designed under the supervision of Prof. S. K. Kakoty, IIT Guwahati. The first machine was fabricated under his supervision at the workshop of IIT Guwahati with locally available materials. Thus the Cost of production/ manufacturing and its transportation have been greatly reduced.  It can be operated manually as well as with a 1hp motor.

Sectional warping Machine

Contribution towards strengthening RuTAG:
The Cost of production and transportation has been greatly reduced.

Current Scenario - Multiplication/entrepreneurship etc:
The machine could create good demand among the weavers of Sualkushi weaving clusters.

 

 

 

[4] Pilot project on mechanized weaving of muga silk fabric

 

 

NGO/Institution Associated:

A joint initiative of RuTAG-NE and North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd (NEDFi)

Objectives:-

  • The prime objective of the project is to increase the productivity and earning potential of weavers of the region.

Introduction:
The golden yellow a fabric of Muga silk, considered to be the supreme among all varieties of silk, is the prerogative of Assam valley. It is the toughest of all silk. It is produced from cocoons of 'Antheraea assamensis', which is available only in Assam.  Traditional Muga fabrics are woven in handlooms. Quality of hand woven fabrics is high, but at the same time is labour intensive. The international market for plain fabrics is expanding rapidly. So it was time to think of mechanization of plain Muga Silk weaving. This pilot project for mechanization of Muga Silk weaving in the year 2008-2009 was taken up, at the initiative of then HE Governor of Assam Lt. Genl. (Retd.) Ajai Singh. It was a joint venture of RuTAG-NE and NEDFi. The pilot project has been made operational in the year 2010-11.

Achievements:
Existing power loom was modified by alteration of the gear system of the loom in order to regulate the appropriate speed of the loom suiting the requirement of muga yarns for weaving in Power looms. It is now possible for the first time in the Muga industry for manufacturing plain fabric of Muga in power loom.

 

 

 

 

 

Modified Power looms for Muga silk weaving installed at export oriented industrial complex at Amingaon, North Guwahati, Assam

Contribution towards strengthening RuTAG:


This was a path breaking achievement towards mechanization of muga industry in Assam. One unit with four such looms has been installed at the Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at Amingaon, North Guwahati, Assam. Already about 1000 m of Muga fabric has been produced successfully. Each such loom has the capacity to produce 5 meters of plan fabrics of Muga per day against 1 meter in the traditional handloom.

Inauguration of the unit by His Excellency Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, Governor of Assam

Current Scenario - Multiplication/entrepreneurship etc:


His Excellency, the Governor of Assam is taking initiative to multiply such units at different locations especially in muga growing areas of Assam. The production unit at Amingaon has been handed over to a Society to continue as Training cum Production Centre for further growth of the industry.

 

 

 

INTERACTION WITH S&T NGOs OF NORTH EAST/ WORKSHOPS AMD COORDINATION WITH S&T INSTITUTIONS:

 

 

Sl. No

Workshop/ Meeting

Period of organization and venues/ NGOs attended

Theme / Issue emerged

1

Visit to  Central Institute of Plastic Technology, Changsari, Guwahati

21st of September, 2011

Possibility of fabrication of some components of handloom with plastic based material was explored and discussed.

2

Workshop to deliberate upon identification of challenging, need-based problems concerning rural economy and addressing the same through Science & Technology interventions within the framework of Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG) by involving a few  NGOs

24th. November, 2011, conference room of RuTAG-NE,

  1. MIPROGRASS, Aizwal, Mizoram
  1. Global Care , Mizoram
  1. Mizoram Science Society, Aizwal, Mizoram
  1. Regional Research & Training Centre of Indian Traditional Treatment, Golaghat, Assam
  1. WWF-India, Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Bharat Jana Vigyan Jatha, Guwahati, Assam
  1. Society for Socio Economic Awareness and Environmental Protection, Nagaon, Assam
  1. Assam Mahila Society, Guwahati, Assam
  1. Assam Science Congress, Assam
  1. Asomi, Guwahati, Assam
  1. Adhar, Morigaon, Nagaon, Assam

Concept/ Project developed

  1. Coffee debarking tools,
  1. Lac flax making tool
  1. S&T inputs for value added product of breakfast rice
  1. Machine for rice pounding Assam
  1. S&T inputs for dry fish processing and packaging
  1. Methods of production and standardization of herbal medicines of Assam
  1. Developing appropriate technologies for production of briquettes with twigs leaves and yak cattle dung.
  1. S & T intervention in supari business for economic up liftmen of rural women.
  1. Developing proper equipment for transplanting rice suitable for Assam condition

3

Workshop to deliberate upon identification of challenging, need-based problems concerning rural economy and addressing the same through Science & Technology interventions within the framework of RuTAG by involving a new few new NGOs

8th December, 2011, conference room of RuTAG-NE.

  1. Manas Ever Welfare Society, Bansbari, Baksa, Assam.
  1. National Research Centre on Mithun, ICAR, Jharnapani, Medziphema, Nagaland,
  1. Kasturba Trust, Tripura, Agartala,
  1. N. B. Institute of Rural Technology, Sakuntala Road, Agartala, Tripura,.
  1. We Care Foundation, Bora Market Complex, Zoo Road, Guwahati
  1. Tamey Tanang Memorial Society, Naharlagan, Papum Pare District, Arunachal Pradesh

 

Concepts/ Projects developed:

  1. Up gradation of technology of making  traditional metal alloy ornaments and crafts of Arunachal Pradesh tribes
  1. Development of some devices to overcome  such situations of man-animal conflicts.
  1. Compact packing of green fodder and stashing in an air tight/ vacuum condition in polyethylene bags of suitable quality, a technique called Silo, to preserve fodders for longer period without any degradation or loss of nutrient values.
  1. Development  a model type of such house with bamboo and Ferro cement technology for Riang communities of Tripura 
  1. Electronic devices to scare away wild animals and building enterprises.

 

4

Project Appraisal Meeting at conference room of RuTAG-NE:-

1st March 2012

Following projects were approved for executing during the year 2012-2013:-

  1. Development of Solar Oven, Global Care Mission , Mizoram
  1. Standardization of production techniques of a few traditional folk medicines , Regional Research and Training centre on Indian traditional treatment 
  1. Standardization of Yak Dung Briquette manufacturing process for promotion as alternate to firewood for space heating,   Pangchen Lumpo Muchat Community Area Management committee , Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Sanitary Napkin –Scope of production and its impact on wome health n’s life , Assam Mahila Samata Society , Guwahati
  1. Study of  latest technologies on  indigenous metal, alloy crafts of cultural &religious values and craftsmanship in neighbouring countries and documentation of traditional Knowledge systems on  technologies associated with various  tribes of  Arunachal Pradesh, TameyTanang Memorial Society, ‘E’ Sector, Naharlagan Papumpare, Arunachal Pradesh
  1. Study of source sustainability at chalfilhtlang and phawngpui catchment areas for identifying recharge areas of mountain springs using the  isotope hydrology  technique of BARK, by   Public Health Engineering Department, Mizoram

 

 

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