North-East Guide ->Nagaland                                                                  General Information | History | Society & Culture | Distribution of Languages | Map

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Nagaland

       The State of Nagaland , covering an area of 16,488 sq kms is encircled by Assam in the North and West, Burma and Arunachal Pradesh in the East and Manipur in the South. The Naga Hills run through this small state, which has Saramati as its highest peak at a height of 12,600 ft. The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji. The terrain is mountainous, thickly wooded, and cut by deep river valleys. There is a wide variety of plant and animal life. Nagaland has a monsoon climate with generally high humidity; rainfall averages between 1800 and 2500 mm (70 and 100 in) a year.

        The State is predominantly dominated by Naga communities and hence it forms a single cultural region . Each tribe present in Nagaland is distinct in character from the other in terms of customs, language and dresses.     

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        The State was carved out of the territories that were earlier known sa Naga Hills---Tuesnsang Area (NHTA), through the State of Nagaland Act, 1962. it was inaugurated on 1st December, 1963, by the then President of India , Dr S. Radhakrishnan.

        Nature could not have been kinder to Nagaland . the exquisitely picturesque landscapes, the vibrantly colourful sunrise and sunset, lush and verdant flora…this is a land that represents unimaginable beauty, moulded perfectly for a breath taking experience.

        It is indeed a land of folklore passed down the generations through word of mouth. Here music is an integral part of life; folk songs eulogizing ancestors, the brave deeds of warriors and traditional heroes and poetic love songs immortalizing ancient tragic love stories.

        Nagaland has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly with 60 seats. The state sends two members to the Indian national parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and one to the Lok Sabha (lower house). There are seven local government administrative districts - Mokokchung, Tuensang, Mon, Wokha, Zunheboto, Phek and Kohima. The capital is Kohima.